SPEKTRUM

The Full-Spectrum Distributed Protocol

A blockchain for real-world applications and smart economy innovation.

Symbiotic Applications

A layer1 protocol that evolves through its applications, making best-of-breed technology available to the entire ecosystem.

Pragmatic Proof of Stake

The PPoS consensus model allows for lightning fast, inexpensive transactions with high throughput and 1s transaction finality without compromising security.

Essential Service Accountability

Spektrum offers users its own set of foundational decentralized finance services, maintained and administered by the core protocol team.

Native Convenience Layer

Specialized applications and mechanisms are made available so users can feel comfortable, safe and confident regardless of the task.

Why Spektrum?

Key Features

The Spektrum PPoS consensus delivers substantial improvements in performance, stability under load and overall reliability in comparison to other layer 1 architectures and scaling solutions, while also addressing pressing security issues.

Secure

Spektrum stems from the highly peer-reviewed Ethereum codebase and is constantly being challenged, hardened and improved.

Reliable

The Spektrum team has decades of experience deploying and maintaining telecom critical infrastructure and 99.999% SLA fulfillment.

Fast

The innovative PPoS consensus can achieve very high throughput rates (>1,000,000 tps) and transactions reach finality in under 1 second.

Inexpensive

Transactions are free of charge (subsidized) for staking wallets and fees start at $0.00000001/tx (1 USD satoshi) for business purposes.

What's Special?

Embedding Real-World Applications

Spektrum Chain comes with its own suite of native apps which interweave in the blockchain’s fabric and allow Spektrum validator nodes to expand and upgrade their capabilities and usefulness.

What's special?

Spektrum Mobile
Distributed 5G Wireless Network

Globally ubiquitous telecommunications network with decentralized infrastructure ownership, where blockchain technology replaces traditional business & authentication protocols.

  • Cell service & internet access through native token staking mechanics (SPK)
  • Powered by community-owned 5G wireless gateways (Spektrum Portals)
  • Portal operators (Gatekeepers) earn rewards by providing mobile coverage and sharing their internet connection
  • Radio spectrum owners monetize unused capacities through 5G spectrum sharing
  • Landlords create new revenue streams by providing access to key rooftop real estate
What's special?

Spektrum TimeKeep
Decentralised Network Time Service

A decentralised timestamping service running alongside Spektrum Portals and Validators.

  • Remote & on-premise high precision timing protocol (NTP, PTP)
  • Basis for the Queued Transactions Ordering by Precision Timestamping (QTOPT)
  • Authoritative, trustable timestamping provider for the Spektrum QTOPT
  • Spektrum Portals can also be TimeKeep Master Contributors
  • Anyone can run a TimeKeep contributor/relay and become a provider of tx timestamp tickets, standalone or combined with a Spektrum Validator node
Spektrum Wireless Portal

5G wireless network radio unit. Grants mobile coverage for Spektrum Mobile users. Requires stable internet connection.
Earns variable revenue, based on cell usage and service quality.

TimeKeep Master Contributor

Stratum 1 time protocol server that disseminate GPS atomic time across the TImeKeep network. Provider of tx timestamping tickets. Helps ensure fair transaction ordering withing blocks.

Spektrum Chain Validator

Blockchain client node that has pledged ("staked") SPK coins in order to participate in the Validators Assembly and become a proposer and verifier of new blocks. Earns interest on staked tokens.

What's Better?

Promoting Native On-Chain App Ecosystem

We aim to improve upon current blockchain model efficiencies and introduce native mechanics for lowering adoption threshold and platform-agnostic interoperability among blockchains old and new, thus acting as a frictionless global asset hub.

What's better?

Spektrum Native Convenience

We aim to improve upon current blockchain model efficiencies and introduce native mechanics for lowering adoption threshold and platform-agnostic interoperability among blockchains old and new, thus acting as a frictionless global asset hub.

SPK {Transciever}

Multi-Chain Digital Asset Bridge

SPK {Balance}

Custodial + Non-Custodial Wallet

{SNS}

Spektrum Number Service - Decentralized Numbering, Naming & Identity Hub

SPK {Relay}

Gasless Transaction Relayer Protocol

What's better?

Spektrum Native DeFi
Responsible Implementation of Functionality

One of our core beliefs is that certain critical and highly sensitive services should be offered, maintained and backed by the team behind the blockchain itself, as one of the biggest issues plaguing web3 and the decentralized ecosystem is lack of accountability.

Spektrum {Clear}

Decentralized digital asset exchange and liquidity protocol.

Spektrum {Analog}

Synthetic assets generator and wrapping station for legacy blockchain assets (BTC,LTC,etc.)

Spektrum {Plate}

Precious metal-backed tokens and collateralized stablecoins.

Spektrum {Equalizer}

Algorithmic protocol for lending, borrowing and interest-bearing assets.

What's the Same ?

Learning from the Best

Full Ethereum Compatibility

The Spektrum blockchian started out as a fork of the Ethereum codebase, and although we are implementing our own ideas and are taking development on a more applied, integration-centric path, full Ethereum compatibility will always be maintained. Smart contract execution through the Spektrum Virtual Machine will keep up with Ethereum EVM and Solidity updates and smart contracts will always be interchangeable and working on any EVM-compatible blockchain.
In this regard and in conjunction with the Spektrum Transciever digital asset bridge, Spektrum also corresponds to the definition of an Ethereum sidechain.

PPoS - Practical, Secure, Logically Sound Consensus

Initial blockchain iterations (Bitcon) introduced the Proof of Work consensus model, where computational mining has been used by people as a value anchor for the cryptographic asset in terms of real-world expenditures. However, it seems highly wasteful to have computers do the equivalent of hard labor.

The idea behind Proof of Stake is to replace miners with “stakers” or “validators” — entities who hold coins and seek to maximize their “stake” by participating in the network but also risk getting their pledged stake fined for misbehaving.

Spektrum expands on Tendermint consensus, one of the most established proof of stake consensus mechanisms, powering ecosystems like Cosmos and Binance Smart Chain. The finished product is our own Pragmatic Proof of Stake (PPoS) consensus model, with lightning-fast <1s transaction finality and enhanced throughput , capable of accommodating complex real-world applications and scenarios.

Introspecting Sharding - Inspired by Sharding Pioneers

Sharding is a clever way to address both the network latency and bandwidth limitations of blockchains, which clearly affect scalability. Spektrum implements Introspective Sharding (IS), our own scalability protocol, building on general concepts described by Omniledger, Algorand.

Introspective Sharding relies on the simple observation that certain apps and use cases generate self-contained clouds of transactions, that can be securely processed in parallel with the rest of transactions. It is a way for blockchain to scale without immediately scaling out, to work smarter before working harder and to find new efficiencies within itself, without increasing resource consumption and environmental footprint.

We have paid close attention to how projects such as Polkadot, Ziliqa and NEAR have implemented sharding and what they have gotten out of it so far, and we are very eager to see Ethereum 2.0 go public.

The Rolling Window - Keeping Things Nimble

The Spektrum codebase is being developed from the ground up with clear emphasis on security and efficiency. Light code patterns and ease of operation in unpredictable, even portable environments is paramount for the future we envision for the Spektrum ecosystem.

Rolling Window sums up to keeping only the most recent history in low-latency, high availability space and relying on an archived (checkpointed) state as being authentic when validating transactions and calling upon archive nodes or inexpensive local magnetic storage solutions when requiring access to older data.

In addition to greatly decreasing block validation workloads, our checkpointing implementation supercharges introspective sharding performance and reduces the necessary hardware resources of blockchain peers down to IoT levels of specifications.

Queued Transactions Ordering by Precision Timestamping (QTOPT)

Instead of having users try to suggest transaction urgency through how much transaction fees they are willing to pay and ultimately still leaving transaction ordering completely up to the validators, through what we can intuitively call "attempts at bribing oligarchic validators", we have chosen another approach altogether.

By engaging the Spektrum Timekeep network time pool application into the Spektrum protocol layer, we are able to implement dependable timestamp-based ordering of queued transactions inside blocks, adding a new dimension to the Spektrum blockchain.

Spektrum adopts QTOPT as transaction ordering algorithm in the processing queue. This makes MEV extraction through attempting transaction reordering discouragingly costly. Aside from this, QTOPT also contributes to transaction processing speed and volume, by enforcing a simple and easy to process rule for transaction ordering, rather than only having a set of guidelines for validators.

Private Transactions and Private Shards

Spektrum implements Private Transactions and Proof of Agreement, inspired by Consensys Quorum.
We draw insight from the private transaction data payload structure, which we find is essential for any blockchain wanting to integrate established real-world use cases, where oftentimes privacy and confidentiality are just as important as transparency and immutability.

Being Mindful of our Surroundings

We, the team at Spektrum, understood from the beginning that modern technology has to start taking environmental impact seriously, otherwise technological progression wouldn't really represent a step forward, but rather one back.
Especially new technology, being developed today, without any legacy systems or dependencies, has no excuse for not making its carbon footprint into account.
Inspired by the Algorand Foundation, we are developing a highly energy efficient network from the start and will always be on the lookout for sustainable solutions and alternatives.
Any small emission gaps down the line will be offset through global carbon compensation.

SPEKTRUM

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